Buang at Ulyanin: An Ethnographic Study on the Selected Cases of Schizophrenia and Dementia in Baseco Compound, Manila

INTRODUCTION

Mental health, according to the standardized meaning provided by the World Health Organization (2014), is a ―state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community‖. Mental illness, on the other hand, is referred to as ―a health problem that significantly affects how a person feels, thinks, behaves, and interacts with other people‖ (The Department of Health, Australian Government, 2016). In the Philippines, mental illness and disorders remain the third most common form of disability among Filipinos, succeeding visual and hearing impairments (Crisostomo, 2010). Previous studies have shown that regular medication and rehabilitation through psychological interventions and social interactions effectively minimize the degree of disability brought about by schizophrenia (Raj, 2013). Although in some less developed coping methods like the use of herbal medicines are noticeably making its way to the countries where different memory disorders [including dementia] are prevalent, alternative individuals‘ households (Chang et al. 2016; Perry and Howes 2011). (full download)